Ramses the Great: the Man and the Myth. About 20 years ago I went to Dallas for that exhibit. It was impressive to learn about the man, but there was myth! The claim was made that Ramses was the Pharaoh of the Exodus. It is my conviction the date of the exodus was ca. 1446 B.C. It is my conviction that the Pharaoh of Egypt at the time of the exodus was probably Thutmosis. Moses and Pharaoh observed God’s “Ten Lesson Course” as God came to the tenth plague.
“For I will go through the land of Egypt in that night, and will smite all the first-born in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am Jehovah” (Exodus 12:12). The one true God took on all the gods of Egypt and overcame many idol gods that belonged to Egypt:
- Water of the Nile became blood, water was undrinkable. (Exodus 7:14-24). The spirit of the Nile was called Hapi, the goddess of the Nile was called Tauret, and the Nile was considered the bloodstream of Osiris.
- The plague of frogs covered the whole land. (Exodus 8:1-15). Egypt looked to frogs as the goddess of birth, and named this goddess Heqt or Hekt.
- Next the lice came upon men and beasts alike. (Exodus 8:16-19). Seb or Geb was Egypt’s earth-god. Remember the lice came from the dust at the hand of Moses.
- Next came the swarms of flies. (Exodus 8:20-32). The flies came only upon the land of Egypt and not in Goshen. Egypt had a fly-god called Uatchit.
- The plague of murrain (diseased livestock) was next. (Exodus 9:1-7). Egypt had many gods fashioned as bulls or cattle; Apis, Ptah, Hathor, Mnevis…
- The plague of boils affected only the Egyptians. (Exodus 9:8-12). Sekhmet was the goddess of epidemics, and Serapis was their god of healing. The latter god was in the form of a serpent. Look at the insignia of medical institutions today and behold the serpent! Yet, Egypt’s magicians were unable to appear before Pharaoh because of this plague.
- The plague of hail mingled with fire followed. (Exodus 9:13-35). Egypt had a sky-goddess that was appropriately named Nut. Isis and Seth were the deities of Egypt to protect the crops. Shu was the god of the atmosphere. (His name was mentioned quite frequently during the 4th plague).
- Then it was time for the locusts to make an appearance. (Exodus 10:1-20). Serapia was the protector of Egypt from locusts! Recall that Isis and Seth served as protector of crops. The crop loss in Egypt was 100%.
- Then came three days of darkness. (Exodus 10:21-29). The sun-gods of Egypt were myriad; Ra, Atum, Horus, Amon-ra, et al. There was no light in Egypt for three days. Egypt even had a god of the sunset, Tem. But, there was no sunrise neither sunset for three days. There was light in Goshen.
- The final plague was the death of the first-born. (Exodus 12:29-36). Pharaoh was considered a god and his first-born died. Heqt or Hekt was the goddess of birth, and Meskhenet presided at childbirth. Selket or Serqa was Egypt’s guardian of life.
Jehovah God went “against all the gods of Egypt” and won hands down!